New Items Added to Digital Horizons (June-August 2018)

The Digital Initiatives department has been keeping busy. Many items have been uploaded onto Digital Horizons the last couple months. Listed below is a highlight of new items added to the North Dakota State Library’s online collections. You can access the items featured below by clicking on them or by visiting the Digital Horizons website (where you will also find thousands of other treasures).

ND Memories

ND School for the Deaf Banner

ND County & Town Histories


Digital Initiatives Launches Historypin Account

historypinThe Digital Initiatives department at the North Dakota State Library has recently created an account on Historypin. Historypin is an online, user-generated archive of photographs, videos, and audio recordings. Users are able to pin their content, to Google Maps. Where Google Street View is available, users can overly their historic images and compare them with the modern view by using the slider feature.

Historypin collects, curates, and organizes stories to bring people together, one story/ pin at a time. Historypin has created and continues to maintain storytelling techniques for thousands of members and organizations across the globe. Historypin helps expand understanding of community history and culture by brining resources to come to life.

The State Library currently has two dozen images on its Historypin account, and more are on the way! The images come from the many ScanDays held in libraries and other organizations across the state. All of the pinned images are Google Street View compatible, so the fun slider feature is available. Each pin also includes certain information about the image, like title, description, location, date, and the link to the full item record on Digital Horizons.

Historypin is free to use, and it is also free to join by creating an account. To explore the State Library’s collection of images on Historypin, visit

Video Digitization Resources

Best practices and standards for video digitization widely differ. However, there are exceptional resources available online that can assist you with your video digitization needs. Consult the resources listed below for additional information. Contact the Digital Initiatives department at the North Dakota State Library if you have any questions.

Grants for Libraries – June 2018

Dollar signSony Grants

Application deadline: Ongoing

Sony focuses the majority of its charitable giving on arts, culture, technology and the environment, with a particular emphasis on education in each of those areas. Sony seeks to apply its financial, technological, and human resources to the encouragement of the creative, artistic, technical, and scientific skills required of tomorrow’s workforce. Discover how to apply at:

 SparkFun Community Partnership Program

Application deadline: Ongoing

This program facilitates one-time collaborations between SparkFun and its community partners to support the work of makers in the field. SparkFun supports organizations that support maker values of open source, collaboration, playfulness, learning at all levels, and making the world a better place through the donation of hardware, expertise, or money. Learn more and apply at:

Verizon Community Grants

Application deadline: Ongoing

Verizon’s Community Grant funding priorities are STEM education for K-12 youth and domestic violence education and prevention for youth, women, and older adults. Applications are by invitation only, so you’ll need to contact your local Verizon community relations manager. You can find their contact information and learn more about their grant program at:

 Walmart Community Grant Program

Application deadline: Ongoing

Walmart awards community grants ranging from $250 to $5,000 to K-12 schools, government entities, and other non-profits. One of their eight funding areas is education and they’re seeking to support those the provision of afterschool enrichment, tutoring, and vocational training for low-income individuals and families. Read more about the program and apply at:

Genealogy Resources – State, Regional & National

Databases (North Dakota and national)

Digital Collections (North Dakota)

Digital Collections (regional)

Digital Collections (national)

Institutions (North Dakota)

 Tips and Guidance

New Items Added to Digital Horizons (April-May 2018)

The Digital Initiatives department has been keeping busy. Many items have been uploaded onto Digital Horizons. Listed below is a highlight of new items added to the North Dakota State Library’s online collections. You can access the items featured below by clicking on them or by visiting the Digital Horizons website (where you will also find thousands of other treasures).

ND Memories

ND State Documents

ND School for the Deaf Banner

Free and Legal Stock Images

Finding the perfect picture to put on your website, brochure, or Facebook event can be tricky, and it gets even more difficult if you’re making sure your photos are legal to use. That’s right, legally, you can’t use any picture you find on Google Images. Using these photos opens your library up to possible lawsuits for copyright infringement. Instead, look for photos that fall into Public Domain or have a Creative Commons license.

Public Domain: The person who created this work has waived their rights to the photo. This means that you can copy, change, distribute, and perform the work for commercial purposes without asking permission.

Creative Commons Licenses: These licenses allow creators to waive and reserve certain rights in regards to their work. This may include if the image can be used for commercial purposes, if it needs creator attribution, and so on.

A guide for helpful information regarding stock photos can be found here.

The following websites are full of free and ready-to-use photos (as long as you follow the licensing restrictions) to make your library marketing a little more beautiful:


Free No User Account No Attribution
Unsplash X X



Pixabay X X



Burst X Low Resolution: No account

High Resolution: Account


Creative Commons


Negative Space



Free Images X Account Needed

Various Usage Rights

Freepik (Graphics)

Most are free X Attribution to Freepik
Freerange X Account Needed


Vecteezy (Graphics) Most are free X

Attribution to Vecteezy

This post was written with sources from Angela Hursh’s blog “Super Library Marketing.

Copyright – digitization & digital projects

There are many questions to consider before undertaking a digitization project, such as:

  • What is the size and condition of the collection? What is the purpose of this project? How much will this project cost? Have the items already been digitized by someone else? What is the time frame?

Copyright is another factor that needs to be considered before starting a digital project. If fact, it is often a major factor. You do not want to be halfway through a digitization project, for example, and then discover you cannot share the scanned items due to copyright. Then all of that time and money will have been for nothing.

Just thinking about the word copyright can send cold shivers down your spine, and it may also invoke headaches and/or nightmares.

Sure, copyright can be intimidating. When it comes to digital projects, copyright is a significant concern. It can make or break a digital project, and it often determines whether a potential project is worth pursuing or not. However, being better informed about copyright can alleviate some of the burden. And in doing so, you will discover that copyright is not so frightening after all.

The best way to approach copyright is to first understand it.

What is copyright?

  • According to the United States Copyright Office, copyright “is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works.” (Copyright in General – U.S. Copyright Office)
  • Copyright is a form of intellectual property law that “protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed.” (Copyright in General – U.S. Copyright Office)

What is public domain?

  • According to the United States Copyright Office, a “work of authorship is in the ‘public domain’ if it is no longer under copyright protection or if it failed to meet the requirements for copyright protection. Works in the public domain may be used freely without the permission of the former copyright owner.” (Definitions – U.S. Copyright Office)
  • There are 4 common ways that works arrive in the public domain: copyright has expired, copyright owner failed to follow copyright renewal rules, copyright owner deliberately places it in the public domain, or copyright law does not protect this type of work. (Copyright & Fair Use – Stanford)

Once you have an understanding of copyright, then you can take what you have learned and apply it to your digitization project. Keep things couple things in mind:

  • If you have concerns or uncertainties about copyright when it comes to digitizing and digital collections, do your research. Use the resources provided here to determine the copyright status of the item(s) in question. If you have questions or need some assistance, contact Digital Initiatives.
  • If you’re not sure if an item is protected by copyright or not, get permission from the owner/ creator. Have them sign a permission form or a copyright release form. The Digital Initiatives department at the North Dakota State Library uses forms like this. So if you would like to see the forms or use them as an example, contact Digital Initiatives.
  • If the item is in the public domain, then it is no longer protected by copyright and it can be freely scanned and made accessible.

Copyright Resources

Friends of the Library Resources:

Friends of the Library help support libraries in many ways including volunteer services, fund raising, programming, and advocating for their library. The following resources are helpful whether your library is starting a Friends group, restructuring, or looking to grow.


Nebraska Public Libraries Friends and Foundations:

Nebraska Public Libraries Friends of the Library Groups:

United for Libraries Toolkits for Friends Groups and Foundations (use your library’s access credentials to log in):

Sample Memorandum of Understanding from ALTAFF:

Tool Kit for Building a Library Friends Group by Friends of Tennessee Libraries:

Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction—Library Friends and Library Foundations:


Examples of Friends Bylaws:

Friends of the West Fargo Public Library:

Friends of the Bismarck Public Library:

Active Shooter Resources

Shootings are an unfortunate and frightening reality in today’s world. Statistically speaking, it is unlikely you will experience an active shooter situation, but that does not negate their seriousness. Planning and being informed can save lives.

There are a few simple things you can do at the office or at home to better prepare yourself.

  • Be informed – stay current on procedures and other relevant information
  • Be prepared – create a plan & participate in trainings
  • Be alert – pay attention to your surroundings, trust your instincts, & if you see something, say something (report suspicious activity to the local authorities)
  • Run. Hide. Fight.

Run. Hide. Fight. (Active Shooter: How to Respond Poster – Homeland Security)

There is a plethora of active shooter information and resources available online. Below is a listing of some of the best of the best.

More Information:



Books on Library Security: